Judicial Elections

Gaylord, Scott W. “Unconventional Wisdom: The Roberts Court’s Proper Support of Judicial Elections,” Mich. St. L. Rev. 1521 (2011).

September 11, 2012

This article explores the effects of the Roberts Court’s recent First Amendment cases on judicial elections. Arguing that the protection afforded speech rights by the Roberts Court actually promotes the independence, accountability, and quality of state court judges.

Pozen, David E. “Judicial Elections as Popular Constitutionalism,” 110 Colum. L. Rev. 2047 (2010). (SSRN)

May 9, 2012

This article uses the normative theory of popular constitutionalism as a foundation for new arguments for and against an elective judiciary.

Pozen, David E. “The Irony of Judicial Elections,” 108 Colum. L. Rev. 265 (2008). (SSRN)

May 9, 2012

This article presents an analytic taxonomy of the arguments for and against judicial election systems, discusses the costs and benefits of elective judiciaries in the “new era” of higher campaign spending and increased interest group involvement, and argues that there is an underappreciated tradeoff between the health of judicial elections and the health of the judiciary.

Pozen, David E. “What Happened in Iowa?” 111 Colum. L. Rev. Sidebar 90 (2011).

April 17, 2012

This article discusses the 2010 Iowa judicial election, in which voters turned out in unprecedented numbers and three justices were removed, in the context of popular constitutionalism and its relationship to federalism and popular sovereignty.

Schotland, Roy A. “Iowa’s 2010 Judicial Election: Appropriate Accountability or Rampant Passion?” 46 Court Review No. 1 (2011). (SSRN)

February 17, 2012

This article addresses the issue of judicial accountability by analyzing the election in which three Iowa Supreme Court justices were defeated as a consequence of their participation in a unanimous decision upholding gay marriage.

Schotland, Roy A. “A Plea for Reality,” 74 Mo. L. Rev. 507 (2009). (SSRN)

February 17, 2012

This article addresses the ongoing debate about judicial elections and proposes measures to combat the troublesome features of elective systems.

Thielemann, Gregory S. “Local Advantage in Campaign Financing: Friends, Neighbors, and their Money in Texas Supreme Court Elections,” 55 Journal of Politics 472 (1993). (JStor)

December 20, 2011

This article argues that Key’s concept of “friends and neighbors” politics, which uses the phenomenon of localism to explain voting behaviors, should be extended into the realm of campaign finance.

Tarr, G. Alan. “Designing an Appointive System: The Key Issues,” 34 Fordham Urb. L.J. 291 (2007).

December 20, 2011

This article analyzes the merits of appointive systems and discusses the failure of the electoral system to give judges actual competition.

Streb, Matthew J., ed., “Running for Judge: The Rising Political, Financial, and Legal Stakes of Judicial Elections,” New York: New York University Press (2007). (Amazon)

December 20, 2011

Streb, Matthew J., Brian Frederick, and Casey LaFrance. “Voter Rolloff in a Low-Information Context: Evidence from Intermediate Appellate Court Elections.” 37 American Politics Research 644 (2009).

December 20, 2011

This empirical study of ballot rolloff in intermediate appellate court elections suggests that the variables that affect rolloff are in many ways similar at the lower-court and state supreme court levels.