Arrington,Theodore S. “When Money Doesn’t Matter: Campaign Spending for Minor Statewide Judicial and Executive Offices in North Carolina,” 18 Justice System Journal 257 (1996). (Hein)

December 20, 2011

This empirical study examines statewide partisan judicial elections in North Carolina from 1988 to 1994 and concludes that these elections were unresponsive to expenditures and incumbency because candidates cannot raise enough money to affect the vote.

  • Judicial Election

    Judges are elected by popular vote.
  • Democratic Appointment

    Judges are appointed directly by a democratic body, or appointed by the governor with the advice and consent of some democratic body.