Bonneau, Chris W. “Patterns of Campaign Spending and Electoral Competition in State Supreme Court Elections,” 25 Justice System Journal 21 (2004). (SSRN)

December 20, 2011

This article analyzes campaign spending trends in all contested state elections from 1990–2000.

  • Judicial Election

    Judges are elected by popular vote.
  • Democratic Appointment

    Judges are appointed directly by a democratic body, or appointed by the governor with the advice and consent of some democratic body.