Bonneau, Chris W., and Melinda Gann Hall. “Predicting Challengers in State Supreme Court Elections: Context and the Politics of Institutional Design,” 56 Political Research Quarterly 337 (2003). (SSRN)

December 20, 2011

This article examines the conditions under which state court incumbent judges draw challengers and explores whether those same conditions influence whether the challenger has sufficient experience to pose a threat to the incumbent.

  • Judicial Election

    Judges are elected by popular vote.
  • Democratic Appointment

    Judges are appointed directly by a democratic body, or appointed by the governor with the advice and consent of some democratic body.