Hall, Melinda Gann. “Voting in State Supreme Court Elections: Competition and Context as Democratic Incentives,” 69 Journal of Politics 4, 1147 (2007). (Wiley)

December 20, 2011

This empirical study of ballot roll-off in 654 supreme court elections from 1980–2000 shows that competition, incumbency, and contextual forces that increase salience and information have an important impact on voter participation.

  • Judicial Election

    Judges are elected by popular vote.
  • Democratic Appointment

    Judges are appointed directly by a democratic body, or appointed by the governor with the advice and consent of some democratic body.