Streb, Matthew J., Brian Frederick, and Casey LaFrance. “Voter Rolloff in a Low-Information Context: Evidence from Intermediate Appellate Court Elections.” 37 American Politics Research 644 (2009).

December 20, 2011

This empirical study of ballot rolloff in intermediate appellate court elections suggests that the variables that affect rolloff are in many ways similar at the lower-court and state supreme court levels.

  • Judicial Election

    Judges are elected by popular vote.
  • Democratic Appointment

    Judges are appointed directly by a democratic body, or appointed by the governor with the advice and consent of some democratic body.