Florida Supreme Court
Judicial Selection Method: Missouri Plan
7 Justices
1 year minimum initial terms, 6 year full terms
State High Court & Judicial Nominating Commission Composition & Terms of Judicial Nominating Commission Judicial Selection Process Legal Authority
      • 9 members:

      • All appointed by the Governor:
        • 4 members are appointed from a list of nominees by the Board of Governors to the Florida Bar
        • 5 members are directly appointed by the Governor
          • Of these 5, at least 2 must be attorneys.

Terms: 4 years (staggered)


  • Commission submits a list of at least three but no more than six persons from which the Governor must choose one.
  • An appointed Justice must be confirmed by a retention vote at least one year after taking office in the next general election.
  • If the Justice is not retained, the Governor appoints another Justice through the judicial nominating commission.
  • At the end of a Justice’s term, the Justice will be subject to a statewide retention election and will continue for another term if the Justice is retained.

Interim Vacancies

  • Whenever a vacancy occurs in a judicial office to which election for retention applies, the Governor shall fill the vacancy by appointing for a term, one of not fewer than three persons nor more than six persons nominated by the appropriate judicial nominating commission.
  • The nominations shall be made within thirty days from the occurrence of a vacancy unless the period is extended by the Governor for a time not to exceed thirty days. The Governor shall make the appointment within sixty days after the nominations have been certified to the Governor.

Percentage of Lawyers on the Nominating Commission

Who Selects the Nominating Commissioners?
  • Judicial Election

    Judges are elected by popular vote.
  • Democratic Appointment

    Judges are appointed directly by a democratic body, or appointed by the governor with the advice and consent of some democratic body.